Ear infections in children are a very common problem. They are not a disease by itself; they are side effects of some other ailments like catching a severe cold, sinusitis, hay fever etc. There is nothing to worry much in such infections and proper treatment can cure the problem easily.
Some of the most common reasons that are responsible for ear infections in children are as follows:
- The Eustachian tube in children may get blocked, which might lead to ear infections in kids. The blockage can be caused for various reasons like throat infection, catching severe cold, hay-fever, sinusitis etc. When the Eustachian tube is blocked air cannot enter the middle ear causing infection.
- Children tend to catch a cold from someone else and that might lead to ear infections. Catching a cold is another reason that enhances the chances of ear infection in kids.
- This is a common problem in children that a sticky fluid tends to get deposited in the middle ear. When this fluid gets infected with bacteria and other germs, it causes infections in the middle ear. The deposition of the fluid in the ear and the formation of pus create pressure on the ear making it painful particularly for children.
- Ear infections are most common with children in the age group of six months to two years. In this stage, the Eustachian tube is small and narrow and tends to get blocked easily. By the time, the kid is six years old; the tube grows larger and does not get blocked easily.
- Bottle feeding and proximity to smokers are also reasons that might lead to ear infections in children.
Some symptoms of middle ear infections are as follows:
- In younger children, it is really difficult to understand the symptoms of middle ear infections. Raised temperatures, loss of appetite, sleeping problems, reluctance towards playing and other activities are some of the common symptoms that can be seen. These symptoms appear few days after the real infection has taken place.
- Headache, ear pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, increased temperatures, feeling unwell are also common symptoms of ear infection in children. In some cases, there might be no symptoms at all before the infection becomes severe.
Ear infections in children tend to get well in some days. However, in some cases, antibiotics are prescribed by doctors so that the infection gets cured easily. Sometimes antibiotics also help to combat the side effects that might crop up from middle ear infections. In some cases, doctors suggest to remove the adenoids, which are present at the end of the Eustachian tubes. When the adenoids swell up for some reason they block the tubes and cause middle ear infections in children.